Conditions

EUR-1 Declaration

Every consignment to a country inside the European community must be accompanied by an original invoice, and depending on the value of the consignment, a Certificate of Origin or a EUR-1 Declaration. Without an invoice it is impossible to make an export document or to clear the goods through customs. Lack of invoices can bring considerable delays as well as extra costs. An invoice and a Certificate of origin must accompany consignments with a value less then €6035,00 . For consignments with a higher value, then a EUR-1 Declaration must accompany the goods.

A Certificate of Origin

The text on the Certificate of Origin must literally state:
The exporter of the products covered by this document declares that, except were otherwise indicated, these products are of EU preferential origin.It is permitted to mention the country of origin instead of “EU” .The Certificate of Origin must be filled in as follows:

  • Place and date written with blue ink;
  • Company stamp and name of the person who will sign the document;
  • Signature written in blue ink.

For shipments to Switzerland the document must be fill out in German, for Norway in English. In general German is used for all East European countries and English for Scandinavia.

EUR-1

Consignments with a value above €5990.00 must be accompanied by a EUR-1 document. This can be obtained at your local Chamber of Commerce. Also on this document you must state actual country of origin. This must be done at the Chamber of Commerce where your company is registered.

INCOTERMS 2000

Incoterms 2000 are divided into four groups. Below you will find a summary of the different terms.
For more detailed information on incoterms, please see the book Incoterms 2000. This is available at you local Chamber of Commerce.

GROUP E

In group E the costs and the risks for the seller are minimal, as they only need to make the goods available to the buyer on their own property

EXW Ex Works…(name of place the goods are to leave from)
  • Af fabriek
  • The Buyer organizes transport;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer;
  • The moment that the goods are made available to the Buyer;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer;
  • The moment that the goods are made available to the Buyer
GROUP F

Under the F conditions (Inc. F.C.A. unless other wise agreed) The Buyer organizes and pays for the transport from the country from where the goods are to be exported from

F.O.B. Free on Board…(name of the port of departure)

  • The transport is organized by the Buyer from the moment that the goods are on the boat;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods pass over the railings of the boat in the harbor of departure;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods pass over the railings of the boat in the harbor of departure

F.A.S. Free Alongside Ship…(name of the port of departure)

  • The transport is organized by the Buyer from the moment that the goods are at the port of departure;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are delivered to the side of the ship;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are delivered to the side of the ship.

F.C.A. Free Carrier…(name of place)

  • The transport is organized by the Buyer or by the Seller, when instructed by the Buyer;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are made available to the transporter at the named place;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are made available to the transporter at the named place.
GROUP C

Under the C conditions The seller organizes the transport, but he is not responsible for the risk of the transport.

C.F.R. Cost and Freight…(name the port of arrival)

  • The transport is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods pass over the railings of the ship in the port of arrival;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer in the port of arrival;
  • The Buyer pays all costs related to customs clearance;
  • The transport is organized by the Seller.

C.I.F. Cost, Insurance, Freight…(name the port of arrival)

  • The transport and the insurance is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods pass over the railings of the ship in the port of arrival;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer in the port of arrival, the Buyer pays all costs related to customs clearance.

C.P.T. Carriage Paid To…(name the place of destination)

  • The transport is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are delivered to the transport company;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer in the port of arrival, the Buyer pays all costs related to customs clearance.

C.I.P. Carriage and Insurance Paid to…(Name the place of destination)

  • The transport and the insurance is paid by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are delivered to the transport company;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer on arrival of the named destination, the Buyer pays all costs related to customs clearance.
GROEP D

Under the D conditions the costs and the risk for the Seller are high, because he must ensure that the goods are available at an agreed place.
D.A.F. Delivered at Frontier…(name the border)

  • The transport is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods pass over the named boarder;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods pass over the named boarder

D.E.S. Delivered Ex Ship…(name the port of arrival)

  • The transport is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are on board and are made available to the Buyer;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are on board and are made available to the Buyer.

D.E.Q. Deliverd Ex Quay…(name of the port of arrival)

  • The transport is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are on the quay and are made available to the Buyer;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are on the quay and are made available to the Buyer.

D.D.U. Deliverd Duty Unpaid…(name the place of destination)

  • The transport is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are made available to the Buyer at the agreed destination;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are made available to the Buyer at the agreed destination.

D.D.P. Delivered Duty Paid…(name the place of destination)

  • The transport is organized by the Seller;
  • The risk goes over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are made available to the Buyer at the agreed destination;
  • The costs go over from the Seller to the Buyer at the moment that the goods are made available to the Buyer at the agreed destination.
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE CARRIER

A carrier has a partial responsibility for all shipments using their service. This means that you, the customer, will not be automatically compensated by the carrier in a case of damage, theft or loss to the shipment. The degree of compensation depends partly on the conditions (AVC or CMR) that applied to that particular shipment. Depending on the chosen supply conditions you can arrange for insurance for the goods to be transported. If you occasionally send consignments, which need to be insured, you can also arrange insurance by consignment. We gladly inform you about this.

CMR transport conditions concerning international road transport. (All international road shipments must be accompanied by a CMR). The transport agreement is laid down in a waybill, the CMR.

  • Responsibility sender;
  • The sender is responsible for correctly filling in numbers 1 to 15 and 19 + 21 + 22,see CMR.

Responsibility of the carrier
In principle the carrier is responsible for loss of and damage to goods from the moment the goods are picked up to the moment of delivery.

There are several exceptions on this rule. The most common ones are: damage as a result of poor packing and damage arising from the nature of the goods. The carrier is obliged to make sure that the number of colli corresponds with the number mentioned on the waybill. The carrier also makes sure the packing looks sound. If the goods are damaged even though the packing looked sound, then the sender is responsible

Cash on Delivery.

If the CMR indicates that the goods are sent under COD terms and the shipment is delivered to the addressed without receiving reimbursement, then the carrier is responsible for the COD amount..

Dangerous goods

If the sender sends dangerous goods, he is obliged to inform the carrier about what kind of goods are being transported. If the sender fails to do so, he is responsible for all the damage to the goods during the transport.

Compensation for damages

The damages to be paid by the carrier cannot be higher then 25 francs for every missing kilo of gross weight.The definition of franc is:The gold franc with a weight of 10/31 of a gram and of a quality of 0,900

AVC General Transport Conditions 1983 (NL)

The GTC apply to national road transport. The conditions for the AVC are very similar to that of the CMR.
The biggest difference is in the compensation of damages. For the AVC compensation is set at €3.40 per kilograms weight. The weight is determined by checking the weight mentioned on the freight papers.

This is just a summary of the Treaty concerning the AVC, for the national transport of goods. For the exact text we would like to you refer to the actual treaty and conditions. Please feel free to ask us for a copy. From the text on these Internet pages no rights can be derived.